Output Vs Outcome:

Measuring success the right way

Tanya Malik
3 min readApr 9


In today’s fast-paced world, it’s easy to get caught up in the rush of delivering outputs. From product features to marketing campaigns, we measure success based on the output we produce.

Take a moment to think: What if we shifted our focus from outputs to outcomes? What if we measured success based on the impact of our efforts?

First, let’s clarify the difference between output and outcome. Output is the tangible deliverable of a project or initiative, while the outcome is the impact those deliverables have. For example, a product feature may be the output, but the outcome is the value it brings to the customer, like convenience, cost savings, or increased productivity.

In the race to meet targets, most of us focus on outputs because they are visible and measurable. It’s easy to track how many product features we’ve built or how many marketing campaigns we’ve run. However, outputs alone do not drive value for the customer or the business.

An example I used recently to explain this distinction to my team: imagine you’re working on a video for a social media campaign. The writer’s output is a script; they write one that is creative, fun, and crisp. The motion graphics team turns that script into a visually appealing, trendy reel, delivering their output well. The marketing team runs a campaign that is enjoyed by an audience and garners views and shares, but is that enough? Could success be measured in this output, or do we zoom out and align the success metrics with the impact the campaign had on its viewers? And ask: Is the impact aligned with the business’s vision?

Focusing on outputs can lead to a culture of “busyness” where we prioritize activity over impact. We may end up producing a lot of deliverables but fail to create meaningful results. In contrast, outcomes drive long-term value for the customer and the business.

So, let us address the main question. How can we shift our focus from outputs to outcomes? Here are some actionable steps:

  1. Start with the customer: We must understand our customers to create outcomes that matter. In the example above, the team could have spent more time understanding the customer’s content consumption behavior, emotional triggers, and more which would help the writer focus on the user’s needs rather than focusing on achieving the output of a good script.
  2. Focus on continuous improvement: Unlike outputs, outcomes are seldom delivered through defined roadmaps; it calls for continuous iteration and improvement. However, always treating the outcome as our Northstar will keep us on track and guide us to move in the right direction.
  3. Define clear goals and metrics: Leaders must measure success based on the impact and define metrics aligned with the outcome, not just the quality of tangible deliverables.
  4. Align the team: The onus of value-shifting lies with the leaders as focus from outputs to outcomes requires a culture shift and creating a shared understanding of what success looks like.

As Robin Sharma said, ‘What you focus on grows, what you think about expands, and what you dwell upon determines your destiny’; Shifting your focus from outputs to outcomes can ensure that you create long-term value and impact instead of busyness and short-term deliverables.